Congressional leaders on Tuesday vowed to move ahead on the hugely popular bill — which affirms automatic 3% pay raises for US troops and authorises other military programmes — despite the veto threat.

The Democratic-controlled House has approved a wide-ranging defence policy bill, even as U.S. President Donald Trump renewed his threat to veto the bill unless lawmakers clamp down on social media companies he claims were biased against him during the election.

Mr. Trump tweeted on Tuesday that he will veto “the very weak National Defence Authorisation Act”, or NDAA, unless it repeals so-called Section 230, a part of the communications code that shields Twitter, Facebook and other tech giants from content liability.

Mr. Trump also wants Congress to strip out a provision of the bill that allows renaming of military bases that now honour Confederate leaders.

Congressional leaders on Tuesday vowed to move ahead on the hugely popular bill — which affirms automatic 3% pay raises for US troops and authorises other military programmes — despite the veto threat.

The House approved the bill, 335-78, more than the two-thirds required to override a potential veto. The measure now goes to the Senate.

Wyoming Rep. Liz Cheney, a member of the House Republican leadership, urged Mr. Trump not to follow through on his veto threat, but added that if he does veto it, “We should override.”

If Mr. Trump vetoes the bill, “we will come back to vote to override, said Rep. Adam Smith, the chairman of the House Armed Services Committee.

But with Mr. Trump pressuring Republicans to stand with him, it was unclear until the final tally whether the bill would receive the two-thirds support needed to override a veto. The House Freedom Caucus, a bloc of roughly three-dozen conservatives, backed Mr. Trump ’s position Tuesday and opposed the bill.

“We stand with the President,” said Rep. Andy Biggs, the group’s chairman.

“This particular NDAA bill is filled with flaws and problems,” including limitations on troop withdrawals ordered by Mr. Trump in Afghanistan and Germany, Mr. Biggs said.

Mr. Smith and other lawmakers noted that many defence programmes can only go into effect if the bill is approved, including military construction. The measure guides Pentagon policy and cements decisions about troop levels, new weapons systems and military readiness, military personnel policy and other military goals.

Troops should not be punished because politicians failed to enact needed legislation to ensure their pay, said Rep. Mac Thornberry of Texas, the top Republican on the Armed Services panel. The $731 billion measure increases hazardous duty pay for overseas deployments and other dangerous job assignments, hikes recruiting and retention bonuses and adjusts housing allowances.

The dispute over social media content — a battle cry of conservatives who say the social media giants treat them unfairly — interjects an unrelated but complicated issue into a bill that Congress takes pride in having passed unfailingly for nearly 60 years. It follows Mr. Trump ’s bid to sabotage the package with an earlier veto threat over Confederate base names.

Measures approved by the House and Senate would require the Pentagon to rename bases such as Fort Benning and Fort Hood named for Confederate generals, but Mr. Trump opposes the idea and has threatened a veto over it. The fight erupted this summer amid widespread protests over police killings of unarmed Black men and women, and Mr. Trump used the debate to try to appeal to white Southern voters nostalgic about the Confederacy.

Joint statement

Mr. Smith and Mr. Thornberry said in a joint statement last week that lawmakers had “toiled through almost 2,200 provisions to reach compromise on important issues affecting our national security and our military.

For 59 straight years, they added, the NDAA has passed because lawmakers and presidents agreed to set aside their own preferences and put the needs of our military personnel and America’s security first. The time has come to do that again.

The powerful Republican chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, Sen. James Inhofe of Oklahoma, said he had spoken to Mr. Trump and explained that the defence bill is not the place for the big tech fight.

“I agree with his sentiments — we ought to do away with 230, Inhofe told reporters. But you can’t do it in this bill.”

Mr. Trump ’s veto threat in the final months of his administration is his latest attempt to bend the norms. From redirecting money intended for military bases to build the border wall with Mexico to installing acting nominees in administrative positions without Senate confirmation, Mr. Trump has chipped away at the legislative branch throughout his term.

If he does veto the defence bill, Congress could cut short its Christmas recess to hold override votes, senior House members said.

“I think we can override the veto, if in fact he vetoes,” House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer said on Tuesday before the vote.

White House press secretary Kayleigh McEnany said Mr. Trump ’s attempt to pressure Congress on Section 230 was justified.

Twitter has become a publisher, choosing to fact-check content, she said. And when you’re a publisher, there are certain responsibilities with that and you should not be immune from liability.

Past presidents have certainly threatened to veto defense bills, which set annual policy with troop levels, equipment priorities, pay raises and other matters. The defence bill is typically a widely bipartisan measure, one of the few areas of common ground. Over the summer, the Senate approved its version, 86-14, while the House similarly passed its effort, with opposition coming mostly from the liberal and conservative flanks.

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