New Delhi: Unemployment in urban areas fell to 8.4% in July- September 2019 from 8.9% in the June quarter last year, data released by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) in the quarterly bulletin of the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) showed.

Urban unemployment in the age group 15-29 years was 20.6%. Among states, urban unemployment was higher than the national average in Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Telangana, among others.

The rate of urban joblessness in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was 9.7%. Urban unemployment declined in the three quarters spanning January till September 2019.

The PLFS is based on the current weekly status (CWS) approach in which a person was considered as unemployed in a week if he/she did not work even for one hour during the week but sought or was available for work at least for 1 hour during the week.

Unemployment rate in urban males including transgender was 8% while that in females was 9.7%.

However, the sample size was lower in the survey and consisted of 1.76 lakh people and 44,471 households in the quarter ended September 30, 2019 compared with 1.79 lakh people and 45,288 households in April-June 2019, according to the latest PLFS.

The Labour force participation rate rose to 36.8% from 36.2% in the trailing quarter while Worker Population Ratio increased to 33.7% from 32.9% in the June quarter.

Labour-force according to CWS is the number of persons either employed or unemployed on an average in a week of seven days preceding the date of survey. Worker Population Ratio (WPR) is defined as the percentage of workers in the population. The estimate of workforce in the CWS provides the number of persons worked for at least 1 hour on any day during the seven days preceding the date of survey.

Based on the broad status in employment in urban areas, the highest were regular wage/salaried employees at 49.6% though their share declined marginally from the last two quarters among those aged 15 years and above. Self-employed and own account workers were the next two big categories in the urban employment categories.

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